Society News

Sub: Society
Topic: Human Development
Category: Prelims & Mains

Created: 05 Jul, 2020
Updated: 17 Jul, 2020

Census Of India

Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India (ORGI)

  • ORGI is an an attached office of Ministry of Home Affairs,
  • Registrar General of India functions as National Registration Authority and Registrar General of Citizen Registration under Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003
  • Conducts the decennial population census, and tabulates the census data under the provisions of the Census Act 1948 and Census (Amendment) Act, 1993
    • First census was conducted in 1872 under Lord Mayo
    • First complete census was done in 1881, thereafter every 10 years till 2011
  • Registers births and deaths in the country
  • Provides opinion to the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment and Ministry of Tribal Affairs on the State/UT Governments’ recommendations concerning inclusion, exclusion, and modifications in the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes lists in their respective States/UTs

Sample Registration System (SRS) statistical report, 2018

SRS is carried out by the Office of Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India with an objective of providing reliable annual estimates of birth rate, death rate, infant mortality rate and various other fertility and mortality indicators. SRS is one of the largest demographic surveys in the world covering about 8.1 million population. It serves as the main source of information on fertility and mortality both at the State and National levels.

  • Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
    • Infant mortality rate (IMR) = (Number of infant deaths during the year / Number of live births during the year ) X 1000
    • Infant mortality rate highest in Madhya Pradesh (48), Odisha (44) and Assam(44).
    • Kerala IMR lowest with 7
    • India's IMR is 34, and has gradually decreased since 2013 (40)
    • SDG 3.2: By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age to as low as 12 per 1000 live births and under-5 mortality to as low as 25 per 1000 live births
  • Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR)
    • Maternal death is the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy. Maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is number of maternal deaths per 1,00,000 live births
    • All-India MMR in 2016-18 stood at 113. Kerala has the lowest at 43, and Assam has highest at 215.
    • SDG 3.1: By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100 000 live births.
      • Southern states have achieved the SDG goal 3.1,

[In News]

  • July, 20
    • SRS Report, 2018 - Infant mortality rate highest in Madhya Pradesh (48), Odisha (44), Assam(44). India's IMR is 34. A major concern is birth spacing as in most cases two children were born within one-one and a half years against the advised gap of around three years. This may result in premature deliveries of low birth weight babies,
    • India registers steep decline in MMR