Politics News

Sub: Politics
Topic: Governance Agencies and Bodies
Category: Prelims & Mains

Created: 21 Jun, 2020
Updated: 04 Aug, 2020

National Survey Organisations in focus

Geological Survey of India (GSI)

  • The main functions of GSI relate to creation and updation of national geoscientific information and mineral resource assessment
  • GSI is a survey organization attached to the office to the Ministry of Mines. 

National Statistical Office (NSO)

  • NSO was formed in 2019 under Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), from merger of National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) and Central Statistics Office (CSO) by
  • National Statistical Office (NSO) headed by a Director General is responsible for conduct of large scale sample surveys in diverse fields on All India basis.
  • First Advance Estimates of National Income, 2019-20
    • Released in January 20, the estimate is based on Benchmark-Indicator method from industrial production, financial performance of companies, freight and cargo handling, crop production.
    • Real GDP or GDP at Constant Prices (2011-12)  to grow at 5%
    • Real GVA at Basic Prices is estimated to increase by 4.9%
      • GVA is the value of output minus the value of intermediate consumption, and is a measure of the contribution to GDP made by an entity. In simple terms  it gives the rupee value of goods and services produced in the economy after deducting the cost of inputs and raw materials

Central Statistics Office (CSO)

  • Central Statistics Office coordinates the statistical activities in the country and evolves statistical standards. It is headed by a Director General assisted by 5 Additional Director Generals.
  • Prepares quarterly estimates of GDP at current and constant prices, estimates of State Domestic Product (SDP), Input-Output Transaction Tables, maintains National Data Bank (NDB) on socio-religious categories, monitors Millennium Development Goals, and publishes National Accounts Statistics
  • Its Economic Statistics Division (ESD) compiles All India Index of Industrial Production(IIP), and develops classifications like - National Industrial Classification (NIC) and National Product Classification (NPC)
  • Its Coordination and Publications Division (CAP) organizes Conference of Central and State Statistical Organizations (COCSSO), Annual Action Plan, Outcome Budget and Annual Plan of the Ministry. The Division is also responsible for implementation of Capacity Development Scheme and Support for Statistical Strengthening (SSS) , a Central Sector Scheme aimed at improving the Statistical Capacity and Infrastructure of the State Statistical System

Index For Industrial Production (IIP)

  • IIP measures the quantum of changes in the industrial production in an economy and captures the general level of industrial activity in the country. It is a composite indicator expressed in terms of an index number which measures the short term changes in the volume of production of a basket of industrial products during a given period with respect to the base period.  The base year is always given a value of 100. The current base year for the IIP series in India is 2011-12. So, if the current IIP reads as 116 it means that there has been 16% growth compared to the base year. 
  • IIP is a short term indicator of industrial growth till the results from Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) and National Accounts Statistics (NAS) are available
  • Index of Industrial Production is compiled and published every month by Central Statistics Office (CSO), with a time lag of six weeks from the reference month
  • Categorization of IIP
    • Sectoral classification: Industrial production for the purpose of IIP is divided into three sectors, i.e, Mining, Manufacturing and Electricity, with relative weights of 75.5%, 14.2% and 10.3% respectively. 
    • Use-based classification: In addition to the industry wise indices/growth rates, the users also require the indices in respect of different use-based categories, i.e., basic goods (45.68%), capital goods (8.83%), intermediate goods (15.68), and consumer durables and non durables (29.81%).

Private Survey Bodies

  • Inferential Survey Statistics and Research Foundation[ISSRF]
    • a research group formed by retired officials from the statistical and economic services.
  • Projex Survey
    • By Projects Today
    • Tamil Nadu, followed by Maharashtra, emerged as the top investment destination in the first quarter of 2020 financial year

[In news]

  • June, 20
    • GSI along with CSIR-NEERI are finding the causes behin Lonar lake coloration
    • ISSRF survey - Although almost all of Odisha’s poor senior citizens received the four-month advance old-age pension promised by the State as COVID-19 relief, only half of them got free foodgrains,
  • Aug, 20
    • Industrial Activity Continued To Contract In May But At A Slower Pace

Sub: Politics
Topic: Governance Agencies and Bodies
Category: Prelims & Mains

Created: 26 Jun, 2020
Updated: 02 Jul, 2020


Enforcement Directorate (ED)

  • Directorate of Enforcement is a specialized financial investigation agency under the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance
  • It comprises officers from Indian Revenue Service, Indian Police Service and the Indian Administrative Service.
  • Enforcement Directorate enforces following two Acts
    • Foreign Exchange Management Act 1999 (FEMA) 
      • FEMA allows only authorised person (defined by Reserve Bank) to hold, transfer and exchange in foreign securities
      • It imposes a penalty of upto three times of original sum involved for contravening Acts' provision, or conditions subject for authorisation
      • Failing to make full payment of the penalty imposed under section 13, within a period of ninety days from the date on which the notice is served will make defaulter liable to civil imprisonment.
      • Section 37 empowers Enforcement Directorate to exercise the power of investigation for any contravention that may occur under FEMA.
    • Prevention of Money Laundering Act 2002 (PMLA)
      • The Act came into force in 2005, and provides for confiscation of property derived from money laundering, impose penalty and prison on confiscators
      • Financial Intelligence Unit - India (FIU-IND) is the central, national agency responsible for receiving, processing, analyzing and disseminating information relating to suspect financial transactions to enforcement agencies and foreign FIUs.
      • Investigation is to be carried by Enforcement Directorate.

State anti corruption bodies

Some states have their own anti-corruption agencies and courts

  • Anti-Corruption Bureau - Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan
  • Anti Corruption Organisation - uttar pradesh
  • Lokayukts - Kerala

[In News]

  • Rajasthan ACB to investigate MLA poaching in state
  • ED - Nirav Modi in PNB case. Sterling Biotech case

Sub: Politics
Topic: Governance Agencies and Bodies
Category: Prelims & Mains

Created: 26 Jun, 2020
Updated: 08 Aug, 2020

Pressure Groups In Focus


  • Centre for Aviation (CAPA) : Analyses aviation and travel industry


  • Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) : Not-for-profit organization in environment protect domain
  • The Energy and Resources (TERI) : Research institute in New Delhi that specializes in the fields of energy, environment and sustainable development
  • South Asia Network on Dams, Rivers and People (SANDRP) : SANDRP is a network of researchers and experts working on water and environmental issues.
  • TRAFFIC, a leading wildlife trade monitoring network.
    • It recorded a significant increase in poaching in India during the over two month lockdown period.


  • Indian Medical Association - voluntary organization of doctors

Human Rights

  • People's Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) : formed in India in 1976 by socialist leader Jayaprakash Narayan


  • Centre for Holistic Development - For homeless citizens


  • TRAFFIC: TRAFFIC is a leading non-governmental organisation working globally on trade in wild animals and plants in the context of both biodiversity conservation and sustainable development. Recent paper called 'SPOTTED' by TRAFFIC India, revealed that of the total of 747 leopard deaths between 2015-2019 in India, 596 were linked to illegal wildlife trade and activities related to poaching. Leopard poaching was highest in Uttarakhand, Maharashtra


  • Pinjra Tod - autonomous collective effort to ensure secure, affordable and not gender-discriminatory accommodation for women students across Delhi.
    • Activists booked under UAPA in relation to communal violence

[In News: Latest]

  • July, 20
    • CAPA estimated that the second quarter beginning July too will be a washout. It reiterated that the market may only be left with 2-3 airlines if there is a delay in recapitalisation for the sector.
    • Antibiotics are extensively misused in the dairy sector and its residues remain largely untested in milk, noted a recently published survey report by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE).
  • Aug, 20
    • Leopard poaching highest in Uttarakhand, Maharashtra