Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF)

Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) refers to seven security forces under the authority of Ministry of Home Affairs.

  1. Assam Rifles (AR)
  2. Border Security Force (BSF)
    • BSF came into existence in 1965 to man the borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh
    • BSF is India's "First Line of Defence", with moto "Jeevan Paryant Kartavya". BSF can even hold ground is less threatened situations as long as main attack does not develop into something outside the domain of BSF
    • BSF also acts as the representative of the Indian government in United Nations (UN) peacekeeping missions
    • The peacetime tasks include preventing smuggling and any other illegal activity, and unauthorised intrusions
  3. Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
    • CISF came into existence in 1969, established under an Act of Parliament, “Central Industrial Security Force Act, 1968 
    • CISF provides security to the strategic establishment, including the Department of Space, the Department of Atomic Energy, the Airports, the Delhi Metro, the ports, the historical monuments and the basic areas of Indian economy such as petroleum and natural gas, electricity, coal, steel and mining.
    • After the Mumbai terrorist attack on November 2008, the mandate of the force has been broadened to provide direct security cover to private sector also
    • CISF is the only force with a customized and dedicated fire wing.
  4. Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
  5. Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
    • Patrols entire stretch of Indo-China border, from Karakoram pass in Jammu & Kashmir to Jechap La in Arunachal Pradesh.
    • ITBP replaced Assam Rifles in Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh in 2004
  6. National Security Guard (NSG)
  7. Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
    • SSB  is India's primary border patrol organization along borders of Nepal and Bhutan.


[In News]

  • July, 20
    • Prime Minister Modi's visit to Leh
    • Women officers can now get Permanent Commission and command postings in all services other than combat
  • Aug, 20
    • CISF to probe ‘Are you Indian?’ taunt at DMK MP Kanimozhi’s complaint by paramilitary agency at the Chennai airport

Date References