News: June 05, 2020
National Register of Citizens (NRC)
- The National Register of Citizens was first prepared in Assam in 1951.
- The 1951 NRC is said to have covered each and every person enumerated during the Census of 1951 in Assam.
- The demands to update the NRC in Assam were first raised by the All Assam Students' Union (AASU) and All Assam Gana Sangram Parishad (AAGSP) in 1975 which ended with signing of Assam Accord in 1985. As per accord, an Assamese citizen is one who:
- had entered the state before 1966
- came between 1966 and March 25, 1971. They would be disenfranchised for 10 years.
- had their names in 1951 NRC
- In 1997 Election Commission decided to add 'D' (D voters) against names of voters whose claim to Indian citizenship is doubtful.
- In 2013, Supreme Court directed Centre to update NRC. A NRC State Coordinator Office was set up and updated NRC was finally released in 2019.
- Those excluded from list could apply to the foreigners' tribunals.
- Foreigners' Tribunals are quasi-judicial bodies established as per the Foreigners' Tribunal Order, 1964 and the Foreigners' Act, 1946
- Assam is the only state that has implemented NRC.
Citizenship Amendment Act, CAA (CAA)
Citizenship Act, 1955
- Regulated who may acquire Indian citizenship on grounds of birth, descent, registration, naturalization, and incorporation of territory
- A natural citizen is one who has stayed in India for at least 11 years
Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019
- The Act prohibits illegal migrants from acquiring Indian citizenship. Illegal migrants are foreigners who enter India without a valid passport or travel document, or stay beyond the permitted time.
- The Act provides that Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan will not be treated as illegal migrants.
- In order to get this benefit, they must have also been exempted from the Foreigners Act, 1946 and the Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920 by the central government.
- The 1920 Act mandates foreigners to carry passport, while the1946 Act regulates the entry and departure of foreigners in India.
- The provisions on citizenship for illegal migrants will not apply to the tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, or Tripura, as included in the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution.
- The Act reduces period to five years for citizenship by naturalization
- On acquiring citizenship all legal proceedings against them in respect of their illegal migration or citizenship will be closed.
- The Act provides that the central government may cancel registration of OCIs on grounds of registration through fraud, showing disaffection to the Constitution, engaging with the enemy during war, necessity in the interest of State, or if within five years of registration the OCI has been sentenced to imprisonment for two years or more.
Illegal migrants can be imprisoned or deported under the Foreigners Act, 1946 and the Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920.
- June, 20
- India rejects US religious freedom report that takes note of CAA, NRC and Article 370
- Aug, 20
- Home Ministry has sought an extension of three months to frame the rules of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019
Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan (PM-GKRA), 2020
- To empower and provide livelihood opportunities in areas/villages witnessing large number of returnee migrant workers affected by the devastating COVID-19
- This Abhiyaan of 125 days, will work in mission mode, will focus on districts with a large concentration of returnee migrant workers in 6 states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Odisha.
- Public works to be undertaken during this campaign will have a resource envelope of Rs. 50,000 crores.
- Ministry of Rural Development is the nodal Ministry for this campaign and the campaign will be implemented in close coordination with the State Governments.
- Central Nodal Officers of the rank of Joint Secretary and above will be appointed to oversee the effective and timely implementation of various schemes in the identified districts.
The Urban Learning Internship Program (TULIP)
- A program for providing internship opportunities to fresh graduates in all Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) and Smart Cities across the country
- Implemented through a partnership between Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) and AICTE.
- At the State level, TULIP will be supported by the Urban Development departments in providing a clear roadmap for the ULBs/smart cities to adopt TULIP in their respective organisations.
- Eligibility : Open to Indian Citizens who graduate from an undergraduate program (both AICTE and non-AICTE affiliated) can apply within 18 months from graduating. Indian Students whose results have been declared and have a passing percentage can apply
- Certificate will be given on course completion on TULIP portal. Stipened to be decided by respective ULB/smart city
- June, 20
- Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan launched on June 20 to boost employment and livelihood opportunities for migrant workers returning to villages, in the wake of COVID-19 outbreak
- Karnataka Chief Minister B.S. Yediyurappa asking for PMGKY extension
- TULIP - Centre launches internship scheme for 25,000 graduates
- Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) 2018-19
- India’s unemployment rate improved from the 45-year high of 6.1% in 2017-18 to 5.8% in 2018-19
- Labour force participation rate also improved marginally, from 36.9% in 2017-18 to 37.5% in 2018-19
- Women’s unemployment fell from 5.7% to 5.2%, while male unemployment only fell from 6.2% to 6%.
- Urban unemployment was still at a high of 7.7% in 2018-19, a marginal drop from 7.8% in 2017-18, while rural unemployment fell from 5.3% to 5%.
- 4.6 crore households were benefitted from MGNREGS this year
- India’s external debt rises to $558.5 billion in March 20, largely owing to commercial borrowings, Non resident deposits, and short term trade credit.
- Non resident deposits (not to be confused with remittances) are deposits by non residents in Indian banks, which means if there is inflow then there is a liability of outflow.
Pacific Islands Forum
- Founded in 1971, Pacific Islands Forum is the region’s premier political and economic policy organisation.
- Comprises of 18 members in Oceania - Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and other island and nations in region
India and Australia
- Virtual Summit, 2020
- India and Australia raised their relationship to a "Comprehensive Strategic Partnership"
- Foreign and Defence Ministers to meet in a ‘2+2’ format at least every two years to discuss strategic issues and take forward our Partnership.
- Shared Vision for Maritime Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific : India and Australia to work closely to develop, with all interested partners, the Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative (IPOI) (announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the 14th East Asia Summit in 2019 at Bangkok) Through this Initiative, they will endeavour to improve the management of the shared oceanic domains, including in key areas of cooperation such as preserving the maritime ecology and reducing the impact of marine pollution